In infancy, kids tend to exhibit different signs and symptoms of this disease, usually diagnosed by age 3. At times, kids appear normal when they are two years old, but their condition regresses. A combination of symptoms in an autistic patient may vary from mild to severe.
Infants that show signs of Autism at birth exhibit the following symptoms: Abnormal reaction to sensory stimuli, i.e., being over or underactive. For instance, regular touch might appear painful; daily noise may sound too loud, or ordinary smells might be unpleasant. In addition, at times, bright lights and loud noises might result in inconsolable crying.
Infants may also show some other signs, such as:
- Being indifferent to the surrounding environment
- Being happy while playing alone
- Having no interest in toys
- Giving no response to others
- Extreme reduction or increase in activity level
- Refuses to cuddle
Young autistic kids might also show language problems. They have difficulty expressing their needs and might use gestures instead of words to show undue distress or laugh for unknown reasons. Some patients have rudimentary language skills, which might not be enough for communication. Young children also show abnormal speech patterns without expression or intonation and might repeat phrases (echolalia). Some might, however, learn how to read.
Asperger’s syndrome and autism are now known as Autism Spectrum Disorders in which a child’s typical development fails to occur. Asperger’s syndrome is on the milder side of the spectrum, whereas Autism lies on the more excellent side. These disorders start early in childhood and continue to exist throughout adult life. Three main areas of development known as impairment triads might also be affected. These triads include:
- Nonverbal and verbal communication
- Social interaction
- Imaginative or creative play
Dr. Temple Grandin, Autistic Author and Speaker
What would happen if the autism gene was eliminated from the gene pool? You would have a bunch of people standing around in a cave, chatting and socializing and not getting anything done.
Dr. Stephen Shore, Autistic Professor and Author
If you’ve met one person with autism, you’ve met one person with autism.
Everyone has a mountain to climb and autism has not been my mountain; it has been my opportunity for victory.
Dr. Tony Attwood, Clinical Psychologist
Asperger’s Syndrome is also known as Asperger’s disorder or AS. This is one of the disorders found in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in which the patients have difficulty socializing and have restricted activities and interests. Asperger’s syndrome is different from Autism as this disorder doesn’t show a delay in cognitive development or lingual skills. However, these children often report some elements of motor problems and atypical language skills.