Autism affects different parts of the brain in women and men.

Autism affects different parts of the brain in women and men.

Autism: A Tale of Two Genders

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurological condition that affects individuals in many ways. It’s like a snowflake – no two cases are exactly alike. But did you know that autism can manifest differently in men and women? Yes, it’s true. The way autism affects the brain can vary significantly between the genders. Let’s dive into this fascinating topic and unravel the mysteries of autism in men and women.


The Gendered Brain and Autism:

Autism is not a one-size-fits-all condition. It’s a spectrum disorder encompassing a wide range of symptoms and behaviors. But even more intriguing is how these symptoms present differently in men and women. This is mainly due to the inherent differences in male and female brains.

Autism in Men:

Autism is more commonly diagnosed in men. The classic symptoms of autism, such as difficulties with social interaction, repetitive behaviors, and restricted interests, are often more noticeable in men. This could be due to the “male brain theory” of autism, which suggests that autism may be an extreme manifestation of certain male cognitive traits, such as systemizing over empathizing.

Autism in Women:

Women with autism, on the other hand, often fly under the diagnostic radar. They are frequently diagnosed later in life compared to their male counterparts. This is partly because women are often better at masking their symptoms, a survival strategy to fit into social norms. Women with autism may also present with less stereotypical symptoms, such as less repetitive behavior. Instead, they may struggle more with social communication and understanding others’ perspectives.

The Brain Differences:

Recent research has started to uncover the neurological underpinnings of these gender differences in autism. Studies have found that autism affects different brain parts in men and women. In men, autism is often associated with abnormalities in the front part of the brain, which is involved in behaviors like attention and decision-making. In women, however, autism tends to affect the back part of the brain, which is responsible for visual, spatial, and perceptual processing.


The gender differences in autism are a testament to the complexity of this condition. Understanding these differences is not just a matter of scientific curiosity. It has profound implications for diagnosing and treating autism in both men and women. It underscores the need for a more personalized approach to autism, one that considers each individual’s unique brain differences and life experiences.

So, the next time you think about autism, remember: it’s not just a spectrum disorder. It’s also a gendered one. And by acknowledging and understanding these gender differences, we can pave the way for better support and care for all individuals with autism.

More Reading

  1. Autism diagnosis impacted by men and women’s different emotional needs
  2. Menstruation and menopause in autistic adults: Periods of importance? – PubMed
  3. The Experiences of Late-diagnosed Women with Autism Spectrum Conditions: An Investigation of the Female Autism Phenotype – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
  4. Sex Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Review
  5. Sex Differences in Health Outcomes Among Adults with ASD
  6. Autism research is ‘all about the blokes and the kids’: Autistic women breaking the silence on menopause – PubMed
  7. Sex Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Investigation on Core Symptoms and Psychiatric Comorbidity in Preschoolers
  8. Sex differences in the first impressions made by girls and boys with autism – PubMed
  9. “When my Autism Broke”: A Qualitative Study Spotlighting Autistic Voices on Menopause
  10. Shining a Light on a Hidden Population: Social Functioning and Mental Health in Women Reporting Autistic Traits But Lacking Diagnosis – PubMed


My name is Adi, and I am the proud parent of Saar, a lively 17-year-old who happens to have autism. I have created a blog,, with the aim to share our family's journey and offer guidance to those who may be going through similar experiences. Saar, much like any other teenager, has a passion for football, cycling, and music. He is also a budding pianist and enjoys painting. However, his world is somewhat distinct. Loud sounds can be overwhelming, sudden changes can be unsettling, and understanding emotions can be challenging. Nevertheless, Saar is constantly learning and growing, and his unwavering resilience is truly remarkable.

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.