In infancy, kids tend to exhibit different signs and symptoms of this disease which are normally diagnosed by the age of 3. At times, kids appear normal when their age is 2 years but then their condition starts to regress downwards. A combination of symptoms appear in an autistic patient that may vary from being mild to severe.
Infants that show signs of Autism at birth exhibit the following symptoms: Abnormal reaction to sensory stimuli i.e. being over or underactive. For instance: normal touch might appear as painful, daily noise may sound too loud or ordinary smells might be unpleasant. In addition to this, at times bright lights and loud noises might result in inconsolable crying.
Infants may also show some other signs such as:
- Being indifferent to surrounding environment
- Being happy while playing alone
- Having no interest in toys
- Giving no response to others
- Extreme reduction or increase in activity level
- Refuses cuddling
Young autistic kids might also show language problems. They have difficulty to express their needs and therefore might be using gestures instead of words and might show undue distress or laugh for unknown reasons. Some patients have rudimentary language skills but these might not be enough for communication. Sometimes, the young children also show abnormal speech pattern without expression or intonation and might also repeat phrases (echolalia). Some might however, learn how to read.
Asperger’s syndrome and autism both are now known as Autism Spectrum Disorders in which the typical development of a child fails to take place. Asperger’s syndrome is on the milder side of the spectrum where as Autism lies on the greater side. These disorders start early in the childhood and go on to exist throughout the life of the adult. Three main areas of development which are also known as impairment triads might also be effected. These triads include:
- Nonverbal and verbal communication
- Social interaction
- Imaginative or creative play
Asperger’s Syndrome is also known as Asperger’s disorder or AS. This is one of the types of disorders found in the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in which, the patients have difficulty in socializing as well as have restricted activities and interests. Asperger’s syndrome is different from Autism as this disorder doesn’t show a delay in the cognitive development or the lingual skills. However, some elements of motor problems and atypical language skills are often reported in these childre